9/99 Waco’s Burning Questions
From: Jacob Sullum’s 09/05/99 Commentary in The Washington Times
The federal government is beginning to sound like Billy Joel. “We didn’t start the fire,” it keeps saying, every time the subject of Waco comes up.
That was the refrain to which the FBI returned when it recently admitted, after six years of denial, that it used “pyrotechnic” tear gas canisters against the Branch Davidians on the day flames swept through their residence. But the origin of the fire — after which more than 80 people, including 25 children, were found dead — is not the only important question about what happened at Mount Carmel in 1993.
Even if the government didn’t start the fire, it created a situation where mass suicide was entirely predictable. Through a gratuitous, military-style raid by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) — a 51-day siege during which the FBI used a variety of harassment techniques to unnerve the Davidians — and a final onslaught in which tanks rammed into the group’s home while loudspeakers incongruously announced,
“This is not an assault,” the government seemingly did everything in its power to convince an apocalyptic sect that the end was indeed nigh.
Despite fears that the confrontation would end in flames, the FBI did not have firefighting equipment nearby. And by knocking into the flimsy building with tanks, it closed off escape routes and created vents that made the flre spread more quickly.
In “The Ashes of Waco” (Simon & Schuster), investigative journalist Dick Reavis reports that the tanks “demolished the stairways connecting the building’s first and second floors, and also pushed debris over a trapdoor leading to a buried school bus, whose exit opened to the fresh air outside. The bodies of six women were found within feet of the trapdoor, dead of smoke inhalation.”
Six other women and children were killed by falling chunks of concrete knocked loose during the attack. Meanwhile, the tanks pumped in an
aerosol consisting of CS powder, a chemical warfare agent that causes tearing, temporary blindness, nausea, and vomiting — symptoms that may have incapacitated Davidians who could have escaped — and methylene chloride, a toxic and volatile carrier that forms flammable mixtures when exposed to the air.
In light of these details, it is sickening to recall President Clinton’s summary of the disaster: “Some religious fanatics murdered themselves.” Or Attorney General Janet Reno’s assertion that the FBI had to bring the siege to a swift end because “babies were being beaten” — a claim that turned out to be a fabrication.
It is still hard to believe the justification for the initial BATF raid that set the stage for this debacle was the suspicion that residents of Mount Carmel had illegally converted semiautomatic weapons into machine guns. For this victimless crime by a few of their members, scores of Davidians ultimately died.